Nuclear Issue

  • 2022-12-22

    This incisive article by William Arkin summarizes the key elements of America’s nuclear doctrine, formulated both before and in the immediate wake of September 11, 2001. […] The Bush administration, in a secret policy review completed early this year, has ordered the Pentagon to draft contingency plans for the use of nuclear weapons against at least seven countries, naming not only Russia and the “axis of evil”–Iraq, Iran, and North Korea–but also China, Libya and Syria. In addition, the U.S. Defense Department has been told to prepare for the possibility that nuclear weapons may be required in some future Arab-Israeli crisis. And, it is to develop plans for using nuclear weapons to retaliate against chemical or biological attacks, as well as “surprising military developments” of an unspecified nature.

  • 2022-12-20

    The advisor to the Iranian delegation negotiating the nuclear file says the negotiations between Tehran and the IAEA indicate a possible solution, but the decision is political.

  • 2022-12-20

    President Biden said on the sidelines of a Nov. 4 election rally that the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran is “dead,” but stressed the U.S. won’t formally announce it, according to a new video that surfaced on social media late Monday.

  • 2022-12-16

    US envoy's latest word is Iran is 'not interested,' but the EU reaffirms support for the JCPOA while an IAEA team comes to Iran.

  • 2022-12-11

    Leaked Fars News bulletin to IRGC chief highlights intra-Iranian dispute on the direction of the nuclear talks with Washington

  • 2022-12-07

    An Iranian official stresses that the West will face a negative response from Iran for igniting riots to pressure Iran in the nuclear talks. The security official told Al-Alam that several countries that intervened in the recent riots in Iran said they would stop supporting riots in the country if Tehran pours its oil and gas into the world market without any set conditions, accepts the West's viewpoints on the nuclear deal (the JCPOA), reaches settlements with Saudi Arabia over regional-related issues, and ends its cooperation with Russia.

  • 2022-12-05

    Rather than a traditional nuclear weapons program, Iran threatens the world with a program ready to produce nuclear weapons “on-demand.” Its readiness program poses a difficult challenge to the international community and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Due to its past, large-scale nuclear weapons program, called the Amad Plan, Iran has a readiness program with less need for secret nuclear weapon development activities. Iran has advanced its nuclear weapons readiness under civilian nuclear and military non-nuclear cover projects. Using a civilian cover, Iran has in recent years successfully produced highly enriched uranium (HEU) and near HEU metal. Understanding the pace of Iran building nuclear weapons matters, in particular, for designing strategies against Iran moving to construct them.

  • 2022-12-02

    In September, Representative Mike Waltz (R-Florida) and Senator Joni Ernst (R-Iowa) introduced the PUNISH Act, a bill that would codify President Trump’s “maximum pressure” sanctions on Iran into law and prohibit the Biden administration from lifting sanctions if the US reenters a nuclear deal. Meanwhile, in October, Representative Jim Banks (R-Indiana) introduced a bill to impose sanctions on Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi and Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

  • 2022-12-01

    This report summarizes and assesses information in the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) quarterly report for November 10, 2022, Verification and monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of United Nations Security Council resolution 2231 (2015), including Iran’s compliance with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and updates issued on November 22 and 29, 2022. Iran continues to deploy advanced centrifuges at its three enrichment facilities at Natanz and Fordow in violation of the limitations outlined in the JCPOA. Under a revived JCPOA, Iran would be permitted to mothball its advanced centrifuges, shortening Iran’s breakout timeline and increasing its ability to build up its capability should the deal collapse or once enrichment capacity restrictions phase out starting in 2025. Iran continues to sideline the IAEA and has significantly reduced its ability to monitor Iran’s complex and growing nuclear program, which notably has undeclared nuclear materials and activities. The IAEA’s ability to detect diversion of nuclear materials, equipment, and other capabilities to undeclared facilities remains greatly diminished. In a recent press conference, as reported by the Jerusalem Post, IAEA Director General Grossi stated there is a “mass of activity about which we don’t know anything.”

  • 2022-11-22

    The move by Tehran comes in response to a damning report by the UN nuclear watchdog, which has on several occasions been accused of being influenced by Israel