Nuclear Issue

  • 2022-12-07

    An Iranian official stresses that the West will face a negative response from Iran for igniting riots to pressure Iran in the nuclear talks. The security official told Al-Alam that several countries that intervened in the recent riots in Iran said they would stop supporting riots in the country if Tehran pours its oil and gas into the world market without any set conditions, accepts the West's viewpoints on the nuclear deal (the JCPOA), reaches settlements with Saudi Arabia over regional-related issues, and ends its cooperation with Russia.

  • 2022-12-05

    Rather than a traditional nuclear weapons program, Iran threatens the world with a program ready to produce nuclear weapons “on-demand.” Its readiness program poses a difficult challenge to the international community and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Due to its past, large-scale nuclear weapons program, called the Amad Plan, Iran has a readiness program with less need for secret nuclear weapon development activities. Iran has advanced its nuclear weapons readiness under civilian nuclear and military non-nuclear cover projects. Using a civilian cover, Iran has in recent years successfully produced highly enriched uranium (HEU) and near HEU metal. Understanding the pace of Iran building nuclear weapons matters, in particular, for designing strategies against Iran moving to construct them.

  • 2022-12-02

    In September, Representative Mike Waltz (R-Florida) and Senator Joni Ernst (R-Iowa) introduced the PUNISH Act, a bill that would codify President Trump’s “maximum pressure” sanctions on Iran into law and prohibit the Biden administration from lifting sanctions if the US reenters a nuclear deal. Meanwhile, in October, Representative Jim Banks (R-Indiana) introduced a bill to impose sanctions on Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi and Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

  • 2022-12-01

    This report summarizes and assesses information in the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) quarterly report for November 10, 2022, Verification and monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of United Nations Security Council resolution 2231 (2015), including Iran’s compliance with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and updates issued on November 22 and 29, 2022. Iran continues to deploy advanced centrifuges at its three enrichment facilities at Natanz and Fordow in violation of the limitations outlined in the JCPOA. Under a revived JCPOA, Iran would be permitted to mothball its advanced centrifuges, shortening Iran’s breakout timeline and increasing its ability to build up its capability should the deal collapse or once enrichment capacity restrictions phase out starting in 2025. Iran continues to sideline the IAEA and has significantly reduced its ability to monitor Iran’s complex and growing nuclear program, which notably has undeclared nuclear materials and activities. The IAEA’s ability to detect diversion of nuclear materials, equipment, and other capabilities to undeclared facilities remains greatly diminished. In a recent press conference, as reported by the Jerusalem Post, IAEA Director General Grossi stated there is a “mass of activity about which we don’t know anything.”

  • 2022-11-22

    The move by Tehran comes in response to a damning report by the UN nuclear watchdog, which has on several occasions been accused of being influenced by Israel

  • 2022-11-17

    French President Emmanuel Macron admitted this week that amid ongoing protests in Iran and the mass detention of demonstrators, it would be very difficult for the West to make progress on talks for a new nuclear deal.

  • 2022-11-17

    Over the course of the negotiations for the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal – as well as efforts to revive the agreement following the US unilateral withdrawal from the JCPOA in 2018 and subsequent decreases in Iranian compliance – Iran’s regional neighbours have consistently voiced their concerns about the structure and content of the negotiation process. In particular, Israel and – to varying degrees – the six Gulf Cooperation Council states (GCC)[1] have criticized the parties to the agreement for excluding them from the Iran nuclear talks and for what they have perceived as a prioritization of the resolution of the Iranian nuclear issue at the expense of what they consider to be more pressing threats to regional security – including Iran’s missile programme and its support for destabilizing non-state actors across the region. This article, based on a longer report published by the authors in July 2022 for the Royal United Services Institute,[2] summarizes how the GCC states perceive the interaction between the Iranian nuclear file and broader regional security dynamics. It argues that – if the ultimate objective is a stable and secure Middle East – the US, Europe and other like-minded governments need to reassure partners in the Gulf of their commitment to supporting the resolution of other regional concerns, independent of the outcomes of nuclear diplomacy with Iran.    

  • 2022-11-16

    France, Germany and the UK (E3) gave a joint statement to the IAEA Board of Governors on Iran’s implementation of its nuclear commitments under the JCPoA.

  • 2022-11-16

    This report summarizes and assesses information in the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) quarterly report for November 10, 2022, Verification and monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of United Nations Security Council resolution 2231 (2015), including Iran’s compliance with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

  • 2022-11-12

    As the nuclear talks remain stalled, Iran is facing a growing domestic threat posed by ongoing, violent riots. According to an exclusive report by Reuters released on 11 November, the US and the EU are pushing the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to pass an “essential and urgent” resolution calling for Iran to explain uranium traces allegedly found at a number of undeclared Iranian nuclear sites.

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