Gulf of difference: How Europe can get the Gulf monarchies to pursue peace with Iran (ECFR)
Gulf of difference: How Europe can get the Gulf monarchies to pursue peace with Iran
By Cinzia Bianco
The European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)
December 10, 2020
SUMMARY: The Gulf monarchies face a core dilemma: advancing their security interests through deterrence or through promoting a new diplomatic process. The arrival of the Biden administration in Washington, and the perception of US disengagement from the region, offers an opportunity for Europeans to help de-escalate tensions between GCC states and Iran. The European interest lies in supporting a return to the Iranian nuclear deal and a regional dialogue between the Gulf monarchies and Iran, an approach that is more likely to promote lasting stability. Europeans can support this process by strengthening their own regional security posture and confronting head-on the geopolitical tensions at the heart of regional rivalries.